Tibetans in Exile


Approximately 1,28,014 [Approximate world-wide distribution: India 94,203; Nepal 13,514; Bhutan 1,298; and rest of the world 18,999 (Demographic Survey of Tibetans in Exile 2009, by Planning Commission of Central Tibetan Administration, 2010).

Central Tibetan Administration

Democratic and popularly elected.


Tibetan Supreme Justice Commission.


Tibetan Parliament-in-Exile with 44 members.


The Kashag (Cabinet) is the highest executive office of the Central Tibetan Administration. The Kashag runs and fulfills all its executive and administrative responsibilities.

In accordance to the Charter of Central Tibetan Administration, the seven members of the Kashag, is headed by a Sikyong (Political Leader. Sikyong is directly elected by exile Tibetan populace. Sikyong, in turn nominates his seven Kalons and seeks the Parliament’s approval. The term of the Kashag is for five years.

Major NGOs

Tibetan Youth Congress (TYC), Tibetan Women’s Association (TWA), National Democratic Party of Tibet (NDPT), Gu-Chu-Sum Movement.

Foreign Missions

Based in New Delhi, Kathmandu, Washington DC, London, Geneva, Moscow, Brussels, Canberra, Tokyo, Pretoria and Taipei.


Agriculture, agro-industries, carpet weaving and exports, service sector. The winter sweater selling business is the economic mainstay of about 70 percent of the exile population in India.


Total school enrolment is 85 to 90 percent of the school-aged children in exile. According to 2009 Demographic survey of the Planning Commission of CTA, Effective Literacy Rate of the total Tibetans in India, Nepal and Bhutan is 82.4%.

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